Depression: how to tell if you are depressed?

Do you know someone who has suffered from depression?

Considering that slightly more than 12% of the Quebec population aged 15 and over has lived or will experience a depressive episode during their lifetime, it is very likely that you answer yes to this question.[1] An affirmative answer is even more likely when we consider that nearly 50% of people who feel they have experienced a depressive or anxiety episode during their lifetime have never been to their health care provider.[2]

In short, you are not alone, many people have already passed by.

If you need to talk to someone, Revivre, an organization that helps people with anxiety, depressive and bipolar disorders, is there for you.

The basic question remains: why are people so reluctant to talk about this issue? One reason is because there are many misconceptions about depression. For example, it is not widely known that there are several types of depression, namely: major depression, the one we mostly hear about; seasonal depression, which typically occurs in winter; postnatal depression; and dysthymia.[3]

If you are reading this, you probably want to know if you are going through a depressive episode. While every person’s experience of depression is unique, there are some commonly recognized warning signs.

 

Symptoms of Depression:

It is generally understood that depression has both physical and psychological symptoms. 

Think about whether any of the following statements applies to you. If several of them do, we urge you to contact your healthcare professional.

The list of symptoms is based on information found on the Québec government health portal.

Physical Symptoms:

  • You always feel tired.
  • Sometimes you run out of energy.
  • You often have trouble sleeping: you sleep too much or not enough.
  • You notice a change in appetite: you eat more or less than you usually do.
  • You have little or no interest in sex.
  • You often experience head, back or stomach pain.

Psychological Symptoms:

  • You often burst into tears and you don’t know why.
  • You no longer care about your social and professional commitments.
  • You feel incapable of making even small decisions.
  • You don’t feel good about yourself.
  • You often feel overwhelmed by feelings of guilt.
  • You find it hard to concentrate.
  • Sometimes you have suicidal thoughts.[4]

Depression is a mental illness that affects nearly twice as many women as men and is the leading cause of chronic disability worldwide.[5]

If you think you are one of the 4 million Canadians[6] who suffer from depression, contact your healthcare professional.  

 

Diagnosed with Depression but … Symptoms Not Improving

If you have been diagnosed with depression and your symptoms are not improving, it could be because of your metabolism.

You may not be aware that your genes have a direct impact on your response to drugs, meaning that the same medication can be less effective for different people.

In response to this finding, BiogeniQ has developed a simple, saliva-based DNA test that helps your healthcare professional choose the medication that best suits your unique set of genes. 

For more information about the different services offered by BiogeniQ, go to biogeniq.ca.

Learn more about the Depression Pharma Profile

Sources:

[1] INSTITUT DE LA STATISTIQUE DU QUÉBEC."Portrait statistique de la santé mentale des Québécois", [En ligne], 2012, http://www.bdso.gouv.qc.ca/docs-ken/multimedia/PB01671FR_portrait_sante_mentale2015H00F00.pdf (page consultée le 24 février 2017).

[2] CANADIAN MENTAL HEALTH ASSOCIATION. "Fast facts about Mental Illness", [En ligne], 2016, http://www.cmha.ca/media/fast-facts-about-mental-illness/#.WIZgHLYrLuQ (Page consultée le 24 février 2017).

[3] REVIVRE. "Les troubles dépressifs", Revivre.org[En ligne], 2016, http://www.revivre.org/depression/ (page consultée le 24 février 2017).

[4] GOUVERNEMENT DU QUÉBEC. "Dépression", sante.gouv.qc.ca[En ligne], 3 août 2016, http://sante.gouv.qc.ca/problemes-de-sante/depression/ (page consultée le 24 février 2017).

[5] Heather Gilmour et Scott B. Patten, "La dépression au travail", statcan.gc.ca[En ligne], novembre 2017, http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/75-001-x/2007111/article/10406-fra.htm (page consultée le 24 février 2017).

[6] INSTITUT DE LA STATISTIQUE DU QUÉBEC."Portrait statistique de la santé mentale des Québécois", [En ligne], 2012, http://www.bdso.gouv.qc.ca/docs-ken/multimedia/PB01671FR_portrait_sante_mentale2015H00F00.pdf (page consultée le 24 février 2017).